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Re: orion Hirschfeld implications
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Fred Cryer wrote:
>There is such a lot of freight that that poor site in Qumran is being made
>to bear. At last summerīs summit in Jerusalem, Josef Patrich, of Haifa
>Univ., maintained that the dwellings in Qumran that can be shown to have
>been inhabited in the first CE as opposed to storage and production
>facilities only leave room for a settlement consisting of ca. 12-15 people.
>Jodi Magness, predictably, disagreed with him, but thatīs not my point. My
>point is we shouldnīt run the risk of stretching the interpretation of a
>given site in order to shoehorn some theory or other about the texts into
Prof. Joseph Partich has indeed said and written many interesting and
informative things about Qumran. Here are two quotations from Prof.
Patrich, from BAR Jan/Feb 1998, pages 33 and 83, respectively:
PATRICH: We are not balanced, because three of us claim that Qumran is a
sectarian [religious] site, and Yizhar [Hirschfeld] believes it served
I want to add another pecularity at Qumran--the large halls. [....]
Another factor is the large hall that served as a dining room
[number 77], especially with such a quantity of tableware located
nearby.[....] In my opinion, this dining room is another feature that
points to the sectarian nature of the site.
SHANKS: Yossi [Patrich], you too have said Qumran is a sectarian site. Do
you avoid identifying the sect as Essene?
PATRICH: This is a difficult issue. The question has to do partially with
archaeology but mainly with comparing what we know from literary sources
about the Essenes--Josephus, Philo, Pliny--and what we know of the sect
reflected in the scrolls. Altogether, there are many similarities, and I
would say that the Dead Sea sect residing in Qumran was a kind of Essene