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1999 BIBLIOGRAPHY


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*2002* *2003* *2004* *2005* *2006* *2007* *2008*
*2009**2010*

Last updated 19 July 2010.

Title Abegg, Martin G. Jr. "4QMMT C 27, 31 and 'Works Righteousness'." Dead Sea Discoveries 6/2 (1999) 139-147.

Abegg, Martin G. Jr. "Does Anyone Really Know What Time It Is: A Reexamination of 4Q503 in Light of 4Q317." In The Provo International Conference on the Dead Sea Scrolls: Technological Innovations, New Texts, and Reformulated Issues, ed. Donald W. Parry and Eugene C. Ulrich, 396-406. Studies on the Texts of the Desert of Judah 30. Leiden: Brill, 1999.

Abegg, Martin G. Jr. "The Hebrew of the Dead Sea Scrolls." In The Dead Sea Scrolls after Fifty Years: A Comprehensive Assessment, ed. Peter W. Flint and James C. VanderKam, 1:325-358. 2 vols. Leiden: Brill, 1998-1999.

Abegg, Martin G. Jr., Peter W. Flint, and Eugene C. Ulrich. The Dead Sea Scrolls Bible: The Oldest Known Bible, Translated for the First Time in English. Edinburgh: T & T Clark; San Francisco: HarperSanFrancisco, 1999.

Abegg, Martin G. Jr., Peter W. Flint, and Eugene C. Ulrich. "Why Is Esther Missing from Qumran?" Bible Review 15/4 (1999) 2.

Aitken, James K. "Apocalyptic, Revelation and Early Jewish Wisdom Literature." In New Heaven and New Earth: Prophecy and the Millennium. Essays in Honour of Anthony Gelston, ed. P. J. Harland and C. T. R. Hayward, 181-193. Supplements to Vetus Testamentum 77. Leiden: Brill, 1999.

Aitken, James K. "Hebrew Study in Ben Sira's Beth Midrash." In Hebrew Study from Ezra to Ben-Yehuda, ed. William Horbury, 27-37. Edinburgh: T&T Clark, 1999.

Aitken, James K. "The Semantics of 'Glory' in Ben Sira--Traces of a Development in Post-biblical Hebrew?" In Sirach, Scrolls, and Sages: Proceedings of a Second International Symposium on the Hebrew of the Dead Sea Scrolls, Ben Sira, and the Mishnah, Held at Leiden University, 15-17 December 1997, ed. Takamitsu Muraoka and John F. Elwolde, 1-24. STDJ 33. Leiden: Brill, 1999.

Albani, Matthias. "Horoscopes in the Qumran Scrolls." In The Dead Sea Scrolls after Fifty Years: A Comprehensive Assessment, ed. Peter W. Flint and James C. VanderKam, 2:279-330. Leiden: Brill, 1998-1999.

Alexander, Philip S. "The Demonology of the Dead Sea Scrolls." In The Dead Sea Scrolls after Fifty Years: A Comprehensive Assessment, ed. Peter W. Flint and James C. VanderKam, 2:331-353. Leiden: Brill, 1998-1999.

Alexander, Philip S. "How did the Rabbis Learn Hebrew?" In Hebrew Study from Ezra to Ben-Yehuda, ed. William Horbury, 71-89. Edinburgh: T&T Clark, 1999.

Anonymous. Deciphering the Dead Sea Scrolls. Thousand Oaks: Powersports Productions, 1999. videocassette.

Aschim, Anders. "Melchizedek and Jesus: 11QMelchizedek and the Epistle to the Hebrews." In The Jewish Roots of Christological Monotheism: Papers from the St. Andrews Conference on the Historical Origins of the Worship of Jesus, ed. Carey C. Newman, James R. Davila and Gladys S. Lewis, 129-147. JSJSup 63. Leiden: Brill, 1999.

Atkinson, Kenneth. "On the Herodian Origin of Militant Davidic Messianism at Qumran: New Light from Psalm of Solomon 17." Journal of Biblical Literature 118/3 (1999) 435-460.

Aune, David E. "Qumran and the Book of Revelation." In The Dead Sea Scrolls after Fifty Years: A Comprehensive Assessment, ed. Peter W. Flint and James C. VanderKam, 2:622-648. Leiden: Brill, 1998-1999.

Baasten, Martin F. J. "Nominal Clauses with Locative and Possessive Predicates in Qumran Hebrew." In Sirach, Scrolls, and Sages: Proceedings of a Second International Symposium on the Hebrew of the Dead Sea Scrolls, Ben Sira, and the Mishnah, Held at Leiden University, 15-17 December 1997, ed. Takamitsu Muraoka and John F. Elwolde, 25-52. STDJ 33. Leiden: Brill, 1999.

Bar-Kochva, Bezalel. "החיבור האנטי-יהודי של אפולוניוס מולון [The Anti-Jewish Treatise of Apollonius Molon]." Tarbiz 69/1 (1999) 5-58.

Baumgarten, Albert I. "The Current State of Qumran Studies: Crisis in the Scrollery. A Dying Consensus." In Judaism in Late Antiquity. Part 3, Volume 1. Where We Stand: Issues and Debates in Ancient Judaism, ed. Jacob Neusner and Alan J. Avery-Peck, 99-119. Part 1, Ancient Near East, Judaism in Late Antiquity 40/3. Leiden: Brill, 1999.

Baumgarten, Joseph M. "264a. 4QHalakha B," "265. 4QMiscellaneous Rules," "274-278. 4QTohorot A-C: Introduction," "274. 4QTohorot A," "276. 4QTohorot Ba," "277. 4QTohorot Bb," "278. 4QTohorot C," "284. 4QPurification Liturgy," "284a. 4QHarvesting." In Qumran Cave 4.XXV: Halakhic Texts, ed. Joseph M. Baumgarten et al., 53-56, 57-78, 79-97, 99-109, 111-113, 115-119, 121-122, 123-129, 131-133. DJD 35. Oxford: Clarendon, 1999.

Baumgarten, Joseph M. "Corrigenda to the 4Q MSS of the Damascus Document." Revue de Qumran 19/74 (1999) 217-225.

Baumgarten, Joseph M. "The Damascus Document Reconsidered." In The Dead Sea Scrolls at Fifty: Proceedings of the 1997 Society of Biblical Literature Qumran Section Meetings, ed. Robert A. Kugler and Eileen M. Schuller, 149-150. Early Judaism and Its Literature 15. Atlanta: Society of Biblical Literature, 1999.

Baumgarten, Joseph M. "Messianic Forgiveness of Sin in CD 14:19 (4Q266 10 i 12-13)." In The Provo International Conference on the Dead Sea Scrolls: Technological Innovations, New Texts, and Reformulated Issues, ed. Donald W. Parry and Eugene C. Ulrich, 537-544. STDJ 30. Leiden: Brill, 1999.

Baumgarten, Joseph M. "The Purification Liturgies." In The Dead Sea Scrolls after Fifty Years: A Comprehensive Assessment, ed. Peter W. Flint and James C. VanderKam, 2:200-212. Leiden: Brill, 1998-1999.

Baumgarten, Joseph M. "The Relevance of Rabbinic Sources to the Study of Qumran Law." World Congress of Jewish Studies 12,A (1999) 73-78.

Baumgarten, Joseph M. "A Response to the Discussion of DJD XVIII." In The Dead Sea Scrolls at Fifty: Proceedings of the 1997 Society of Biblical Literature Qumran Section Meetings, ed. Robert A. Kugler and Eileen M. Schuller, 199-201. Early Judaism and Its Literature 15. Atlanta, Ga.: Society of Biblical Literature, 1999.

Baumgarten, Joseph M. "Yom Kippur in the Qumran Scrolls and Second Temple Sources." Dead Sea Discoveries 6/2 (1999) 184-191.

Baumgarten, Joseph M., Torleif Elgvin, Esther Eshel, Erik Larson, Manfred R. Lehmann, Stephen Pfann, and Lawrence H. Schiffman, eds. Qumran Cave 4.XXV: Halakhic Texts. DJD 35. Oxford: Clarendon, 1999.

Beale, G. K. "Peace and Mercy upon the Israel of God: The Old Testament Background of Galatians 6,16b." Biblica 80/2 (1999) 204-223.

Bearman, Gregory H., Stephen J. Pfann, and Sheila I. Spiro. "Imaging the Scrolls: Photographic and Direct Digital Acquisition." In The Dead Sea Scrolls after Fifty Years: A Comprehensive Assessment, ed. Peter W. Flint and James C. VanderKam, 1:472-495. 2 vols. Leiden: Brill, 1998-1999.

Bearman, Gregory H., and Sheila I. Spiro. "Imaging Clarified." In The Provo International Conference on the Dead Sea Scrolls: Technological Innovations, New Texts, and Reformulated Issues, ed. Donald W. Parry and Eugene C. Ulrich, 5-12. STDJ 30. Leiden: Brill, 1999.

Beentjes, Pancratius C. "The Hebrew Texts of Ben Sira 32[35].16-33[36].2." In Sirach, Scrolls, and Sages: Proceedings of a Second International Symposium on the Hebrew of the Dead Sea Scrolls, Ben Sira, and the Mishnah, Held at Leiden University, 15-17 December 1997, ed. Takamitsu Muraoka and John F. Elwolde, 53-67. STDJ 33. Leiden: Brill, 1999.

Ben-Dov, Jonathan. "A Presumed Citation of Esther 3:7 in 4QDb." Dead Sea Discoveries 6/3 (1999) 282-284.

Bengtsson, Hakån. "Review: James H. Charlesworth et al., eds., The Dead Sea Scrolls: Hebrew, Aramaic, and Greek Texts with English Translation." Svensk Exegetisk Årsbok 64 (1999) 153-154.

Bergmeier, Roland. "Review: Albert I. Baumgarten, The Flourishing of Jewish Sects in the Maccabean Era." Theologische Literaturzeitung 124/2 (1999) 162-163.

Bergren, Theodore A. "5 Ezra, Dayyenu and Improperia: The Tradition History of the Exodus-Review in 5 Ezra 1." In A Multiform Heritage: Studies on Early Judaism and Christianity in Honor of Robert A. Kraft, ed. Benjamin G. Wright III, 109-122. Scholars Press Homage Series 24. Atlanta: Scholars Press, 1999.

Bernstein, Moshe J. "Noah and the Flood at Qumran." In The Provo International Conference on the Dead Sea Scrolls: Technological Innovations, New Texts, and Reformulated Issues, ed. Donald W. Parry and Eugene C. Ulrich, 199-231. STDJ 30. Leiden: Brill, 1999.

Bernstein, Moshe J. "Pentateuchal Interpretation at Qumran." In The Dead Sea Scrolls after Fifty Years: A Comprehensive Assessment, ed. Peter W. Flint and James C. VanderKam, 1:128-159. 2 vols. Leiden: Brill, 1998-1999.

Bernstein, Moshe J. "Pseudepigraphy in the Qumran Scrolls: Categories and Functions." In Pseudepigraphic Perspectives: The Apocrypha and Pseudepigrapha in Light of the Dead Sea Scrolls. Proceedings of the [Second] International Symposium of the Orion Center for the Study of the Dead Sea Scrolls and Associated Literature, 12-14 January 1997, ed. Esther G. Chazon and Michael E. Stone, 1-26. STDJ 31. Leiden: Brill, 1999.

Bernstein, Moshe J. "Review: Joseph M. Baumgarten, ed., Qumran Cave 4.XIII: The Damascus Document (4Q266-273) (DJD 18)." Journal of the American Oriental Society 119/1 (1999) 154-155.

Berthelot, Katell. "La notion de גר dans les textes de Qumrán." Revue de Qumran 19/2 (1999) 171-216.

Beyer, Jeorjios Martin. "Ein Geheimnis wird gelüftet: zur Qumran-Ausstellung im Römisch-Germanischen Museum Köln." Antike Welt 30/1 (1999) 67-70.

Bogaert, Pierre-Maurice. "Review: James H. Charlesworth and Henry W. L. Rietz, eds., The Dead Sea Scrolls: Hebrew, Aramaic, and Greek Texts with English Translations. Vol. 4A, Pseudepigraphic and Non-Masoretic Psalms and Prayers." Le Muséon 112/3-4 (1999) 496-497.

Bons, Eberhard. "Osée 1,2. Un tour d'horizon de l'interprיtation." Revue des sciences religieuses 73/2 (1999) 207-222.

Bowley, James E. "Prophets and Prophecy at Qumran." In The Dead Sea Scrolls after Fifty Years: A Comprehensive Assessment, ed. Peter W. Flint and James C. VanderKam, 2:354-378. Leiden: Brill, 1998-1999.

Boyd-Alkalay, Esther, and Elena Libman. "Preserving the Dead Sea Scrolls and Qumran Artifacts." In The Dead Sea Scrolls after Fifty Years: A Comprehensive Assessment, ed. Peter W. Flint and James C. VanderKam, 1:535-544. 2 vols. Leiden: Brill, 1998-1999.

Brady, Monica. "Review: Michael O. Wise, Martin G. Abegg, and Edward M. Cook, The Dead Sea Scrolls: A New Translation." Review of Biblical Literature (1999) http://www.bookreviews.org/Reviews/0060692006.html.

Bregman, Marc. "Pseudepigraphy in Rabbinic Literature." In Pseudepigraphic Perspectives: The Apocrypha and Pseudepigrapha in Light of the Dead Sea Scrolls. Proceedings of the [Second] International Symposium of the Orion Center for the Study of the Dead Sea Scrolls and Associated Literature, 12-14 January 1997, ed. Esther G. Chazon and Michael E. Stone, 27-41. STDJ 31. Leiden: Brill, 1999.

Brin, Gershon. "Reading in 4Q524 frs. 15-22--DJD XXV." Revue de Qumran 19/74 (1999) 265-271.

Brody, Robert. "Evidence for Divorce by Jewish Women?" Journal of Jewish Studies 50/2 (1999) 230-234.

Brooke, George J. "4Q252 and the 153 Fish of John 21:11." In Antikes Judentum und frühes Christentum: Festschrift für Hartmut Stegemann zum 65. Geburtstag, ed. Bernd Kollmann, Wolfgang Reinbold and Annette Steudel, 253-265. BZNW 97. Berlin and New York: de Gruyter, 1999.

Brooke, George J. "The Allegro Qumran Photograph Collection: Old Photos and New Information." In The Provo International Conference on the Dead Sea Scrolls: Technological Innovations, New Texts, and Reformulated Issues, ed. Donald W. Parry and Eugene C. Ulrich, 13-29. STDJ 30. Leiden: Brill, 1999.

Brooke, George J. "The Dead Sea Scrolls: A Review of the Last Decade's Publications and Activities." Epworth Review 26/3 (1999) 87-97.

Brooke, George J. "Miqdash Adam, Eden and the Qumran Community." In Gemeinde ohne Tempel/Community without Temple: Zur Substituierung und Transformation des Jerusalemer Tempels und seines Kults im Alten Testament, antiken Judentum und frühen Christentum, ed. Beate Ego, Armin Lange and Peter Pilhofer, 285-301. WUNT 118. Tübingen: J. C. B. Mohr (Paul Siebeck), 1999.

Brooke, George J. "Parabiblical Prophetic Narratives." In The Dead Sea Scrolls after Fifty Years: A Comprehensive Assessment, ed. Peter W. Flint and James C. VanderKam, 1:271-301. 2 vols. Leiden: Brill, 1998-1999.

Brooke, George J. "Review: Eugene C. Ulrich et al., eds., Qumran Cave 4.X: The Prophets (DJD 15)." Journal of Theological Studies 50/2 (1999) 651-655.

Brooke, George J. "Review: Harold W. Attridge et al., eds., Qumran Cave 4.VIII: Parabiblical Texts, Part 1 (DJD 13)." Journal of Near Eastern Studies 58/3 (1999) 226-228.

Brooke, George J. "Review: Loren T. Stuckenbruck, The Book of Giants from Qumran: Texts, Translation and Commentary." Journal of Theological Studies 50/2 (1999) 648-651.

Brooke, George J. "The Scrolls and the Study of the New Testament." In The Dead Sea Scrolls at Fifty: Proceedings of the 1997 Society of Biblical Literature Qumran Section Meetings, ed. Robert A. Kugler and Eileen M. Schuller, 61-76. Early Judaism and Its Literature 15. Atlanta, Ga.: Society of Biblical Literature, 1999.

Brooke, George J., and Lawrence H. Schiffman. "The Past: On the History of Dead Sea Scrolls Research." In The Dead Sea Scrolls at Fifty: Proceedings of the 1997 Society of Biblical Literature Qumran Section Meetings, ed. Robert A. Kugler and Eileen M. Schuller, 9-20. Early Judaism and Its Literature 15. Atlanta, Ga.: Society of Biblical Literature, 1999.

Broshi, Magen. "[4Q247] פשר לאפוקאליפסה של השבועות [A Commentary on the Apocalypse of Weeks (4Q247)]." Eretz-Israel 26 (1999) 39-42.

Broshi, Magen. "Hatred: An Essene Religious Principle and Its Christian Consequences." In Antikes Judentum und frühes Christentum: Festschrift für Hartmut Stegemann zum 65. Geburtstag, ed. Bernd Kollmann, Wolfgang Reinbold and Annette Steudel, 245-252. BZNW 97. Berlin and New York: de Gruyter, 1999.

Broshi, Magen. "Review: G. Foerster, Masada V: the Yigael Yadin Excavations 1963-1965: Final Reports, Art and Architecture." Dead Sea Discoveries 6/2 (1999) 205-207.

Broshi, Magen. "Was Qumran a Crossroads?" Revue de Qumran 19/74 (1999) 273-276.

Broshi, Magen. "חמישים שנות מחקר המגילות הגנוזות בישראל [Fifty Years of Dead Sea Scrolls Research in Israel]." Jewish Studies 39 (1999) 161-167.

Broshi, Magen, and Hanan Eshel. "How and Where Did the Qumranites Live?" In The Provo International Conference on the Dead Sea Scrolls: Technological Innovations, New Texts, and Reformulated Issues, ed. Donald W. Parry and Eugene C. Ulrich, 267-273. STDJ 30. Leiden: Brill, 1999.

Broshi, Magen, and Hanan Eshel. "Residential Caves at Qumran." Dead Sea Discoveries 6/3 (1999) 328-348.

Calduch-Benages, Núria, and Jacques Vermeylen, eds. Treasures of Wisdom: Studies in Ben Sira and the Book of Wisdom. Festschrift M. Gilbert. Bibliotheca Ephemeridum theologicarum Lovaniensium 143. Leuven: Leuven University Press and Peeters, 1999.

Callaway, Phillip R. "[Review: Lawrence H. Schiffman, Reclaiming the Dead Sea Scrolls] Reclaiming the Dead Sea Scrolls for Another Kind of Judaism." Qumran Chronicle 8/3 (1999) 219-227.

Callaway, Phillip R. "What Have En Gedi and Jericho to Do With Qumran?" Qumran Chronicle 8/3 (1999) 169-170.

Campbell, Jonathan G. "Hebrew and Its Study at Qumran." In Hebrew Study from Ezra to Ben-Yehuda, ed. William Horbury, 38-52. Edinburgh: T&T Clark, 1999.

Campbell, Jonathan G. "The Historical-Critical Method and Late Second Temple Judaic Writings." In Judaism in Late Antiquity. Part 3, Vol. 2, Where We Stand: Issues and Debates in Ancient Judaism, ed. Jacob Neusner and Alan J. Avery-Peck, 1-22. Handbook of Oriental Studies. Part 3, The Near and Middle East, Judaism in Late Antiquity 40/3. Leiden: Brill, 1999.

Caquot, André. "Deux textes messianiques de Qumrân." Revue d'histoire et de philosophie religieuses 79/2 (1999) 155-171.

Casalini, Nello. "Review: Franco Manzi, Melchisedek e l'angelologia nell'Epistola agli Ebrei e a Qumran." Rivista Biblica 47/1 (1999) 112-114.

Charlesworth, James H. "Currents in Qumran Research." In The Dead Sea Scrolls at Fifty: Proceedings of the 1997 Society of Biblical Literature Qumran Section Meetings, ed. Robert A. Kugler and Eileen M. Schuller, 107-113. Early Judaism and Its Literature 15. Atlanta, Ga.: Society of Biblical Literature, 1999.

Charlesworth, James H. "John the Baptizer and Qumran Barriers in Light of the Rule of the Community." In The Provo International Conference on the Dead Sea Scrolls: Technological Innovations, New Texts, and Reformulated Issues, ed. Donald W. Parry and Eugene C. Ulrich, 353-375. STDJ 30. Leiden: Brill, 1999.

Charlesworth, James H., and Carol A. Newsom, eds. The Dead Sea Scrolls: Hebrew, Aramaic, and Greek Texts with English Translations. Vol. 4B, Angelic Liturgy: Songs of the Sabbath Sacrifice. The Princeton Theological Seminary Dead Sea Scrolls Project. Louisville, Ky.: Westminster John Knox Press and Tübingen: J. C. B. Mohr (Paul Siebeck), 1999.

Chazon, Esther G. "441. 4QIndividual Thanksgiving A," "442. 4QIndividual Thanksgiving B," "443. 4QPersonal Prayer," "444. 4QIncantation," "449. 4QPrayer A?" "450. 4QPrayer B?" "451. 4QPrayer C," "452. 4QPrayer D?" "453. 4QLament B," "454. 4QPrayer E?" "456. 4QHalleluyah," "457a, b. 4QCreation?" "4QEschatological Hymn." In Qumran Cave 4.XX: Poetical and Liturgical Texts, Part 2, ed. Esther Chazon et al., 343-344, 345, 347-366, 367-378, 391-393, 395-397, 399-400, 401, 403, 405-406, 407-408, 409-419. DJD 29. Oxford: Clarendon, 1999.

Chazon, Esther G. "A Case of Mistaken Identity: Testament of Naphtali (4Q215) and Time of Righteousness (4Q215a)." In The Provo International Conference on the Dead Sea Scrolls: Technological Innovations, New Texts, and Reformulated Issues, ed. Donald W. Parry and Eugene C. Ulrich, 110-125. STDJ 30. Leiden: Brill, 1999.

Chazon, Esther G. "Hymns and Prayers in the Dead Sea Scrolls." In The Dead Sea Scrolls after Fifty Years: A Comprehensive Assessment, ed. Peter W. Flint and James C. VanderKam, 1:244-270. 2 vols. Leiden: Brill, 1998-1999.

Chazon, Esther G. "The 'Qedushah' Liturgy and Its History in Light of the Dead Sea Scrolls." In From Qumran to Cairo: Studies in the History of Prayer, ed. Joseph Tabory, 7-17. Jerusalem: Orhot, 1999.

Chazon, Esther G. "Review: E. Eshel et al., eds., Qumran Cave 4.VI: Poetical and Liturgical Texts, Part I (DJD 11)." Dead Sea Discoveries 6/3 (1999) 349-352.

Chazon, Esther G., Torleif Elgvin, Esther Eshel, Daniel Falk, Bilhah Nitzan, Elisha Qimron, Eileen M. Schuller, David Seely, Eibert J. C. Tigchelaar, Moshe Weinfeld, James C. VanderKam, and Monica Brady, eds. Qumran Cave 4.XX: Poetical and Liturgical Texts, Part 2. DJD 29. Oxford: Clarendon, 1999.

Chazon, Esther G., and Michael E. Stone. "4QTime of Righteousness (4Q215a, Olim 4QTNaphtali): A Preliminary Publication of Fragment 1 ii." In The Provo International Conference on the Dead Sea Scrolls: Technological Innovations, New Texts, and Reformulated Issues, ed. Donald W. Parry and Eugene C. Ulrich, 124-125. STDJ 30. Leiden: Brill, 1999.

Chazon, Esther G., Michael E. Stone, and with the collaboration of Avital Pinnick, eds. Pseudepigraphic Perspectives: The Apocrypha and Pseudepigrapha in Light of the Dead Sea Scrolls. Proceedings of the [Second] International Symposium of the Orion Center for the Study of the Dead Sea Scrolls and Associated Literature, 12-14 January 1997. Studies on the Texts of the Desert of Judah 31. Leiden: Brill, 1999.

Chyutin, Michael. "4QMMT- פלוגתת לוחות השנה במקצת מעשה התורה [The Controversy of the Calendars in Miqsat Maaseh ha-Torah - 4QMMT]." Beit Mikra 44/3 (1999) 209-214.

Cohen, Shaye J. D. The Beginnings of Jewishness: Boundaris, Varieties, Uncertainties. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1999.

Collins, John J. "Apocalypticism and Literary Genre in the Dead Sea Scrolls." In The Dead Sea Scrolls after Fifty Years: A Comprehensive Assessment, ed. Peter W. Flint and James C. VanderKam, 2:403-430. Leiden: Brill, 1998-1999.

Collins, John J. "In the Likeness of the Holy Ones: The Creation of Humankind in a Wisdom Text from Qumran." In The Provo International Conference on the Dead Sea Scrolls: Technological Innovations, New Texts, and Reformulated Issues, ed. Donald W. Parry and Eugene C. Ulrich, 609-618. STDJ 30. Leiden: Brill, 1999.

Collins, John J. "Pseudepigraphy and Group Formation in Second Temple Judaism." In Pseudepigraphic Perspectives: The Apocrypha and Pseudepigrapha in Light of the Dead Sea Scrolls. Proceedings of the [Second] International Symposium of the Orion Center for the Study of the Dead Sea Scrolls and Associated Literature, 12-14 January 1997, ed. Esther G. Chazon and Michael E. Stone, 43-58. STDJ 31. Leiden: Brill, 1999.

Collins, John J. "Review: Émile Puech, ed., Qumrân Grotte 4.XVIII: Textes Hébreux (4Q521-4Q528, 4Q576-4Q579) (DJD 25)." Dead Sea Discoveries 6/3 (1999) 352-356.

Collins, John J. "Review: JBL 117 (1998)." Journal for the Study of Judaism 30/4 (1999) 472-473.

Collins, John J. "Review: Torleif Elgvin et al., eds., Qumran Cave 4.XV: Sapiential Texts, Part 1 (DJD 20)." Journal of Religion 79/1 (1999) 169-170.

Collins, John J. "Scrolls Scholarship as Intellectual History." In The Dead Sea Scrolls at Fifty: Proceedings of the 1997 Society of Biblical Literature Qumran Section Meetings, ed. Robert A. Kugler and Eileen M. Schuller, 101-106. Early Judaism and Its Literature 15. Atlanta, Ga.: Society of Biblical Literature, 1999.

Collins, John J., and Deborah A. Green. "The Tales from the Persian Court (4Q550a-e)." In Antikes Judentum und frühes Christentum: Festschrift für Hartmut Stegemann zum 65. Geburtstag, ed. Bernd Kollmann, Wolfgang Reinbold and Annette Steudel, 39-50. BZNW 97. Berlin and New York: de Gruyter, 1999.

Cook, Edward M. "The Aramaic of the Dead Sea Scrolls." In The Dead Sea Scrolls after Fifty Years: A Comprehensive Assessment, ed. Peter W. Flint and James C. VanderKam, 1:359-378. 2 vols. Leiden: Brill, 1998-1999.

Corley, Jeremy. "Rediscovering Tobit." Scripture Bulletin 29/1 (1999) 22-31.

Cotton, Hannah M. "Die Papyrusdokumente aus der judaischen Wüste und ihr Beitrag zur Erforschung der jüdischen Geschichte des 1. und 2. Jh.s n. Chr." Zeitschrift des Deutschen Palästina-Vereins 115/2 (1999) 228-247.

Cotton, Hannah M. "The Languages of the Legal and Administrative Documents from the Judaean Desert." Zeitschrift für Papyrologie und Epigraphik 125 (1999) 219-231.

Crawford, Sidnie White. "The Fluid Bible: The Blurry Line between Biblical and Nonbiblical Texts." Bible Review 15/3 (1999) 34-39, 50-51.

Crawford, Sidnie White. "The 'Rewritten' Bible at Qumran: A Look at Three Texts." Eretz-Israel 26 (1999) 1-8.

Cross, Frank Moore. "Palaeography and the Dead Sea Scrolls." In The Dead Sea Scrolls after Fifty Years: A Comprehensive Assessment, ed. Peter W. Flint and James C. VanderKam, 1:379-402. 2 vols. Leiden: Brill, 1998-1999.

Davies, Philip R. "James in the Qumran Scrolls." In James the Just and Christian Origins, ed. Bruce Chilton and Craig A. Evans, 17-31. SupNT 98. Leiden: Brill, 1999.

Davies, Philip R. "'Law' in Early Judaism." In Judaism in Late Antiquity. Part 3, Volume 1. Where We Stand: Issues and Debates in Ancient Judaism, ed. Jacob Neusner and Alan J. Avery-Peck, 3-33. Part 1, Ancient Near East, Judaism in Late Antiquity 40/3. Leiden: Brill, 1999.

Davies, Philip R. "Reflections on DJD XVIII." In The Dead Sea Scrolls at Fifty: Proceedings of the 1997 Society of Biblical Literature Qumran Section Meetings, ed. Robert A. Kugler and Eileen M. Schuller, 151-165. Early Judaism and Its Literature 15. Atlanta, Ga.: Society of Biblical Literature, 1999.

Davies, Philip R. "Review: Ferdinand Rohrhirsch, Wissenschaftstheorie und Qumran." Review of Biblical Literature (1999) [http://www.bookreviews.org/Reviews/3525539347.html].

Davies, Philip R. "Review: Moshe J. Bernstein, Florentino García Martínez and John Kampen, eds., Legal Texts and Legal Issues: Proceedings of the Second Meeting of the International Organization for Qumran Studies, Cambridge 1995." Dead Sea Discoveries 6/1 (1999) 81-84.

Davila, James R. "Heavenly Ascents in the Dead Sea Scrolls." In The Dead Sea Scrolls after Fifty Years: A Comprehensive Assessment, ed. Peter W. Flint and James C. VanderKam, 2:461-485. Leiden: Brill, 1998-1999.

Dell, Katharine J. "Review: Torleif Elgvin et al., eds., Qumran Cave 4.XV: Sapiential Texts, Part 1 (DJD 20)." Journal of Theological Studies 50/2 (1999) 656.

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Dombrowski, Bruno W. W. "The Significance of an Equation of בני השחר 'Sons Of Dawn' with טובלי שחרין/שחרית 'Morning Bathers' Versus the Latters' Identification with the Hemerobaptists." Qumran Chronicle 8/3 (1999) 171-176.

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Douglas, Michael C. "The Teacher Hymn Hypothesis Revisited: New Data for an Old Crux." Dead Sea Discoveries 6/3 (1999) 239-266.

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Ehrensvärd, Martin. "An Unusual Use of the Definite Article in Biblical and Post-biblical Hebrew." In Sirach, Scrolls, and Sages: Proceedings of a Second International Symposium on the Hebrew of the Dead Sea Scrolls, Ben Sira, and the Mishnah, Held at Leiden University, 15-17 December 1997, ed. Takamitsu Muraoka and John F. Elwolde, 68-76. STDJ 33. Leiden: Brill, 1999.

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Elior, Rachel. "The Merkavah Tradition and the Emergence of Jewish Mysticism: From Temple to Merkavah, from Hekhal to Hekhalot, from Priestly Opposition to Gazing upon the Merkavah." In Sino-Judaica: Jews and Chinese in Historical Dialogue. An International Colloquium, Nanjing, 11-19 October 1996, ed. Aharon Oppenheimer, 101-158. Tel Aviv: Tel Aviv University, 1999.

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Enste, Stefan. "Qumran-Fragment 7Q5 ist nicht Markus 6,52-53." Zeitschrift für Papyrologie und Epigraphik 126 (1999) 189-194.

Eshel, Esther. "414. 4QRitual of Purification A." In Qumran Cave 4.XXV: Halakhic Texts, ed. Joseph M. et al. Baumgarten, 135-154. DJD 35. Oxford: Clarendon, 1999.

Eshel, Esther. "471b. 4QSelf-Glorification Hymn (= 4QHe frg. 1?)," "471c. 4QPrayer concerning God and Israel." In Qumran Cave 4.XX: Poetical and Liturgical Texts, Part 2, ed. Esther Chazon et al., 421-432, 433-435. DJD 29. Oxford: Clarendon, 1999.

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Eshel, Esther. "Prayer in Qumran and the Synagogue." In Gemeinde ohne Tempel/Community without Temple: Zur Substituierung und Transformation des Jerusalemer Tempels und seines Kults im Alten Testament, antiken Judentum und frühen Christentum, ed. Beate Ego, Armin Lange and Peter Pilhofer, 323-334. WUNT 118. Tübingen: J. C. B. Mohr (Paul Siebeck), 1999.

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Eshel, Hanan. "Review: Lena Cansdale, Qumran and the Essenes: A Re-evaluation of the Evidence." Jewish Quarterly Review 89/3-4 (1999) 411-414.

Eshel, Hanan. "שלושה קטעים חדשים ממערה 11 בקומראן [Three New Fragments from Cave 11]." Tarbiz 68/2 (1999) 273-278.

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Evans, Craig A. "'The Two Sons of Oil': Early Evidence of Messianic Interpretation of Zechariah 4:14 in 4Q254 4 2." In The Provo International Conference on the Dead Sea Scrolls: Technological Innovations, New Texts, and Reformulated Issues, ed. Donald W. Parry and Eugene C. Ulrich, 566-575. STDJ 30. Leiden: Brill, 1999.

Fabry, Heinz-Josef. "Das Buch Levitikus in den Qumrantexten." In Levitikus als Buch, ed. Heinz-Josef Fabry and Hans-Winfried Jüngling, 309-341. Berlin: Philo, 1999.

Fabry, Heinz-Josef. "Die frühjüdische Apokalyptik als Reaktion auf Fremdherrschaft: Zur Funktion von 4Q246." In Antikes Judentum und frühes Christentum: Festschrift für Hartmut Stegemann zum 65. Geburtstag, ed. Bernd Kollmann, Wolfgang Reinbold and Annette Steudel, 84-98. BZNW 97. Berlin and New York: de Gruyter, 1999.

Fabry, Heinz-Josef. "Die Qumrantexte und das biblische Kanonproblem." In Recht und Ethos im Alten Testament: Gestalt und Wirkung. Festschrift für Horst Seebass zum 65. Geburtstag, ed. Stefan Beyerle, Günter Mayer and Hans Strauss, 233-249. Neukirchen-Vluyn: Neukirchener, 1999.

Fabry, Heinz-Josef. "Qumran." In Lexikon für Theologie und Kirche, ed. Michael Buchberger, 8:778-785. 3rd ed. Freiburg: Herder, 1999.

Fabry, Heinz-Josef. "Review: Henry T. C. Sun et al., eds., Problems in Biblical Theology: Essays in Honor of Rolf Knierim." Dead Sea Discoveries 6/2 (1999) 225-229.

Falk, Daniel K. "392-393. Introduction," "392. 4QWorks of God," "393. 4QCommunal Confession." In Qumran Cave 4.XX: Poetical and Liturgical Texts, Part 2, ed. Esther Chazon et al., 23-24, 25-44, 45-61. DJD 29. Oxford: Clarendon, 1999.

Falk, Daniel K. "Biblical Adaptation in 4Q392 Works of God and 4Q393 Communal Confession." In The Provo International Conference on the Dead Sea Scrolls: Technological Innovations, New Texts, and Reformulated Issues, ed. Donald W. Parry and Eugene C. Ulrich, 126-146. STDJ 30. Leiden: Brill, 1999.

Fassberg, Steven E. "On Syntax and Style in Ben Sira: Word Order." In Sirach, Scrolls, and Sages: Proceedings of a Second International Symposium on the Hebrew of the Dead Sea Scrolls, Ben Sira, and the Mishnah, Held at Leiden University, 15-17 December 1997, ed. Takamitsu Muraoka and John F. Elwolde, 117-131. STDJ 33. Leiden: Brill, 1999.

Fernández-Marcos, Natalio. "Cosmovisión y religiosidad en el cambio de era." In Paganos, judíos y cristianos en los textos de Qumrân, ed. Julio Trebolle Barrera, 319-333. Biblioteca de ciencias bíblicas y orientales 5. Madrid: Editorial Trotta, 1999.

Fitzmyer, Joseph A. "The Aramaic Levi Document." In The Provo International Conference on the Dead Sea Scrolls: Technological Innovations, New Texts, and Reformulated Issues, ed. Donald W. Parry and Eugene C. Ulrich, 453-464. STDJ 30. Leiden: Brill, 1999.

Fitzmyer, Joseph A. "Paul and the Dead Sea Scrolls." In The Dead Sea Scrolls after Fifty Years: A Comprehensive Assessment, ed. Peter W. Flint and James C. VanderKam, 2:599-621. Leiden: Brill, 1998-1999.

Fitzmyer, Joseph A. "Review: Lena Cansdale, Qumran and the Essenes: A Re-Evaluation of the Evidence." Journal of Biblical Literature 118/4 (1999) 731-733.

Fitzmyer, Joseph A. "The So-called Aramaic Divorce Text from Wadi Seiyal." Eretz-Israel 26 (1999) 16-22.

Flint, Peter W. "'Apocrypha,' Other Previously-Known Writings, and 'Pseudepigrapha' in the Dead Sea Scrolls." In The Dead Sea Scrolls after Fifty Years: A Comprehensive Assessment, ed. Peter W. Flint and James C. VanderKam, 2:24-66. Leiden: Brill, 1998-1999.

Flint, Peter W. "Appendix II: Passages from the Apocrypha and Previously-Known Writings ('Pseudepigrapha') in the Scrolls." In The Dead Sea Scrolls after Fifty Years: A Comprehensive Assessment, ed. Peter W. Flint and James C. VanderKam, 2:666-668. Leiden: Brill, 1998-1999.

Flint, Peter W. "The Contribution of the Dead Sea Biblical Scrolls to Biblical Studies, with the Preliminary Editions of 4QPsp and 4QPsr-u." Journal for the Study of the Old Testament 83 (1999) 3-17.

Flint, Peter W. "A Preliminary Edition of 4QPsd (4Q86)." In The Provo International Conference on the Dead Sea Scrolls: Technological Innovations, New Texts, and Reformulated Issues, ed. Donald W. Parry and Eugene C. Ulrich, 93-105. STDJ 30. Leiden: Brill, 1999.

Flint, Peter W., and Andrea E. Alvarez. "The Preliminary Edition of the First Numbers Scroll from Nahal Hever." Bulletin for Biblical Research 9 (1999) 137-143.

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Flusser, David. "Qumran und das vorpaulinische Christentum." In Entdeckungen im Neuen Testament. Vol. 2, Jesus--Qumran--Urchristentum, ed. Martin Majer, 1-55. Neukirchen-Vluyn: Neukirchener Verlag, 1999.

Fraade, Steven D. "'Comparative Midrash' Revisited: The Case of the Dead Sea Scrolls and Rabbinic Midrash." In Agendas for the Study of Midrash in the Twenty-First Century, ed. Marc Lee Raphael, 4-17. Williamsburg: Department of Religion, The College of William and Mary, 1999.

Fraade, Steven D. "Shifting from Priestly to Non-priestly Legal Authority: A Comparison of the Damascus Document and the Midrash Sifra." Dead Sea Discoveries 6/2 (1999) 109-125.

Francis, Helenann. "Review: Al Wolters, The Copper Scroll: Overview, Text and Translation." Biblical Interpretation 7/4 (1999) 466-467.

Francis, Helenann. "Review: Michael Chyutin, The New Jerusalem Scroll from Qumran: A Comprehensive Reconstruction." Biblical Interpretation 7/4 (1999) 453-454.

Frennesson, Björn. 'In a Common Rejoicing': Liturgical Communion with Angels in Qumran. Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis. Studia Semitica Upsaliensia 14. Uppsala: Uppsala University Library, 1999.

Frey, Jörg. "Die paulinische Antithese von Fleisch und Geist und die palästinisch-jüdische Weisheitstradition." Zeitschrift für die neutestamentliche Wissenschaft 51 (1999) 45-77.

Frey, Jörg. "Temple and Rival Temple: The Cases of Elephantine, Mt. Gerizim, and Leontopolis." In Gemeinde ohne Tempel/Community without Temple: Zur Substituierung und Transformation des Jerusalemer Tempels und seines Kults im Alten Testament, antiken Judentum und frühen Christentum, ed. Beate Ego, Armin Lange and Peter Pilhofer, 171-203. WUNT 118. Tübingen: J. C. B. Mohr (Paul Siebeck), 1999.

Friedheim, Emmanuel. "Quelques facettes esséniennes chez Flavius Josèphe et la mystérieuse absence de l'historien de la littérature rabbinique." Studies in Religion/Sciences Religieuses 28/4 (1999) 465-488.

Fröhlich, Ida. "Qumran Names." In The Provo International Conference on the Dead Sea Scrolls: Technological Innovations, New Texts, and Reformulated Issues, ed. Donald W. Parry and Eugene C. Ulrich, 294-305. STDJ 30. Leiden: Brill, 1999.

Frolov, Serge. "'King's Law' of the Temple Scroll: Mishnaic Aspects." Journal of Jewish Studies 50/2 (1999) 298-307.

García Martínez, Florentino. "Aplicación de técnicas actuales al análisis de los manuscritos de Qumrán." In Paganos, judíos y cristianos en los textos de Qumrân, ed. Julio Trebolle Barrera, 93-108. Biblioteca de ciencias bíblicas y orientales 5. Madrid: Editorial Trotta, 1999.

García Martínez, Florentino. "Debates recientes en torno a los manuscritos de Qumrán." In Paganos, judíos y cristianos en los textos de Qumrân, ed. Julio Trebolle Barrera, 55-79. Biblioteca de ciencias bíblicas y orientales 5. Madrid: Editorial Trotta, 1999.

García Martínez, Florentino. "Fifty Years of Research on the Dead Sea Scrolls and Its Impact on Jewish Studies." In Jewish Studies at the Turn of the Twentieth Century: Proceedings of the 6th EAJS Congress, Toledo, July 1998. Vol. 1, Biblical, Rabbinical, and Medieval Studies, ed. Judit Targarona Borrás and Angel Sáenz-Badillos, 231-251. Leiden: Brill, 1999.

García Martínez, Florentino. "Il Rotolo del Tempio e la Nuova Gerusalemme: Quanti essemplari possediamo?" Henoch 29 (1999) 159-190.

García Martínez, Florentino. "Literatura jurídico-religiosa de Qumrán." In Paganos, judíos y cristianos en los textos de Qumrân, ed. Julio Trebolle Barrera, 155-179. Biblioteca de ciencias bíblicas y orientales 5. Madrid: Editorial Trotta, 1999.

García Martínez, Florentino. "Man and Woman: Halakhah Based upon Eden in the Dead Sea Scrolls." In Paradise Interpreted: Representations of Biblical Paradise in Judaism and Christianity, ed. Gerard P. Luttikhuizen, 95-115. Themes in Biblical Narrative, Jewish and Christian Traditions 2. Leiden: Brill, 1999.

García Martínez, Florentino. "More Fragments of 11QNJ." In The Provo International Conference on the Dead Sea Scrolls: Technological Innovations, New Texts, and Reformulated Issues, ed. Donald W. Parry and Eugene C. Ulrich, 186-198. STDJ 30. Leiden: Brill, 1999.

García Martínez, Florentino. "Priestly Functions in a Community without Temple." In Gemeinde ohne Tempel/Community without Temple: Zur Substituierung und Transformation des Jerusalemer Tempels und seines Kults im Alten Testament, antiken Judentum und frühen Christentum, ed. Beate Ego, Armin Lange and Peter Pilhofer, 303-319. WUNT 118. Tübingen: J. C. B. Mohr (Paul Siebeck), 1999.

García Martínez, Florentino. "Review: Craig A. Evans and Peter W. Flint, eds., Eschatology, Messianism, and the Dead Sea Scrolls." Revue de Qumran 19/74 (1999) 281-283.

García Martínez, Florentino. "Review: James C. VanderKam, Calendars in the Dead Sea Scrolls: Measuring Time." Revue de Qumran 19/73 (1999) 142-144.

García Martínez, Florentino. "Review: James H. Charlesworth et al., eds., Qumran-Messianism: Studies on the Messianic Expectations in the Dead Sea Scrolls." Revue de Qumran 19/73/1 (1999) 139-141.

García Martínez, Florentino. "Review: Revue de Qumrân 18/72 (1998), 495-496, In Praise of Józef Tadeusz Milik." Journal for the Study of Judaism 30/4 (1999) 482-483.

García Martínez, Florentino. "Review: Rudolf Mosis, Gesammelte Aufsätze zum Alten Testament." Revue de Qumran 19/74 (1999) 284-285.

García Martínez, Florentino. "Review: Stanley E. Porter and Craig A. Evans., eds., The Scrolls and the Scriptures: Qumran Fifty Years After." Revue de Qumran 19/74 (1999) 285-290.

García Martínez, Florentino. "The Temple Scroll and the New Jerusalem." In The Dead Sea Scrolls after Fifty Years: A Comprehensive Assessment, ed. Peter W. Flint and James C. VanderKam, 2:431-60. Leiden: Brill, 1998-1999.

García Martínez, Florentino, ed. Ben Sira: A Bibliography of Studies, 1965-1997. Masada VI: Yigael Yadin Excavations 1963-1965 Final Reports. Jerusalem: Israel Exploration Society and The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, 1999.

García Martínez, Florentino, and Julio Trebolle Barrera. "Qumran Scholarship: A European Perspective." In The Dead Sea Scrolls at Fifty: Proceedings of the 1997 Society of Biblical Literature Qumran Section Meetings, ed. Robert A. Kugler and Eileen M. Schuller, 129-141. Early Judaism and Its Literature 15. Atlanta, Ga.: Society of Biblical Literature, 1999.

Garnet, Paul. "Review: Craig A. Evans and Peter W. Flint, eds., Eschatology, Messianism, and the Dead Sea Scrolls." Dead Sea Discoveries 6/2 (1999) 202-205.

Gillet-Didier, Véronique. "Review: Geo Widengren, Anders Hultgård, and Marc Philonenko, Apocalyptique iranienne et dualisme qoumrânien." Dead Sea Discoveries 6/2 (1999) 220-222.

Gleßmer, Uwe. "Calendars in the Qumran Scrolls." In The Dead Sea Scrolls after Fifty Years: A Comprehensive Assessment, ed. Peter W. Flint and James C. VanderKam, 2:213-278. Leiden: Brill, 1998-1999.

Gleßmer, Uwe, and Matthias Albani. "An Astronomical Measuring Instrument from Qumran." In The Provo International Conference on the Dead Sea Scrolls: Technological Innovations, New Texts, and Reformulated Issues, ed. Donald W. Parry and Eugene C. Ulrich, 407-442. STDJ 30. Leiden: Brill, 1999.

Gnuse, Robert. "Review: Gerbern S. Oegema, The Anointed and His People: Messianic Expectations from the Maccabees to Bar Kochba." Catholic Biblical Quarterly 61/4 (1999) 758-759.

Goodblatt, David. "Dating Documents in 'Provincia Iudaea': A Note on 'Papyri Murabbaat' 19 and 20." Israel Exploration Journal 49/3-4 (1999) 249-259.

Goranson, Stephen. "Others and Intra-Jewish Polemic as Reflected in Qumran Texts." In The Dead Sea Scrolls after Fifty Years: A Comprehensive Assessment, ed. Peter W. Flint and James C. VanderKam, 2:534-551. Leiden: Brill, 1998-1999.

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Grappe, Christian. "Review: James H. Charlesworth et al., eds., Qumran-Messianism: Studies on the Messianic Expectations in the Dead Sea Scrolls." Revue d'histoire et de philosophie religieuses 79/4 (1999) 514-515.

Grappe, Christian. "Review: Johannes Zimmermann, Messianische Texte aus Qumran. Königliche, priesterliche und prophetische Messiasvorstellungen in den Schriftfunden von Qumran." Revue d'histoire et de philosophie religieuses 79/4 (1999) 515-516.

Greenspoon, Leonard J. "The Dead Sea Scrolls and the Greek Bible." In The Dead Sea Scrolls after Fifty Years: A Comprehensive Assessment, ed. Peter W. Flint and James C. VanderKam, 1:101-127. 2 vols. Leiden: Brill, 1998-1999.

Gundry, Robert H. "No NU in Line 2 of 7Q5: A Final Disidentification of 7Q5 with Mark 6:52-53." Journal of Biblical Literature 118/4 (1999) 698-707.

Halpern-Amaru, Betsy. "Bilhah and Naphtali in Jubilees: A Note on 4QTNaphtali." Dead Sea Discoveries 6/1 (1999) 1-10.

Halpern-Amaru, Betsy. "The Naming of Levi in the Book of Jubilees." In Pseudepigraphic Perspectives: The Apocrypha and Pseudepigrapha in Light of the Dead Sea Scrolls. Proceedings of the [Second] International Symposium of the Orion Center for the Study of the Dead Sea Scrolls and Associated Literature, 12-14 January 1997, ed. Esther G. Chazon and Michael E. Stone, 59-69. STDJ 31. Leiden: Brill, 1999.

Harding, James E. "The Wordplay between the Roots 'kshl' and 'skhl' in the Literature of the Yahad." Revue de Qumran 19/73 (1999) 69-82.

Harrington, Daniel J. Invitation to the Apocrypha. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1999.

Harrington, Hannah K. "Biblical Law at Qumran." In The Dead Sea Scrolls after Fifty Years: A Comprehensive Assessment, ed. Peter W. Flint and James C. VanderKam, 1:160-185. 2 vols. Leiden: Brill, 1998-1999.

Harrington, Hannah K. "Review: Charlotte Hempel, The Laws of the Damascus Document: Sources, Traditions, and Redaction." H-Judaic, H-Net Reviews/September, 1999 (1999) [http://www.h-net.msu.edu/reviews/showrev.cgi?path=7955939172517].

Hayes, Christine E. "Intermarriage and Impurity in Ancient Jewish Sources." Harvard Theological Review 92/1 (1999) 3-36.

Hempel, Charlotte. "Community Origins in the Damascus Document in the Light of Recent Scholarship." In The Provo International Conference on the Dead Sea Scrolls: Technological Innovations, New Texts, and Reformulated Issues, ed. Donald W. Parry and Eugene C. Ulrich, 316-329. STDJ 30. Leiden: Brill, 1999.

Hempel, Charlotte. "Community Structures in the Dead Sea Scrolls: Admission, Organization, Disciplinary Procedures." In The Dead Sea Scrolls after Fifty Years: A Comprehensive Assessment, ed. Peter W. Flint and James C. VanderKam, 2:67-92. Leiden: Brill, 1998-1999.

Hempel, Charlotte. "Review: Albert I. Baumgarten, The Flourishing of Jewish Sects in the Maccabean Era." Dead Sea Discoveries 6/2 (1999) 192-194.

Henshke, David. "קדושת ירושלים ב’מקצת מעשי התורה’: עיון חוזר [The Sanctity of Jerusalem in Miqsat Maase ha-Torah: A Reexamination]." Tarbiz 69/1 (1999) 145-150.

Henten, Jan Willem van. "The Ancestral Language of the Jews in 2 Maccabees." In Hebrew Study from Ezra to Ben-Yehuda, ed. William Horbury, 53-68. Edinburgh: T&T Clark, 1999.

Himmelfarb, Martha. "Levi, Phinehas, and the Problem of Intermarriage at the Time of the Maccabean Revolt." Jewish Studies Quarterly 6/1 (1999) 1-24.

Himmelfarb, Martha. "Sexual Relations and Purity in the Temple Scroll and the Book of Jubilees." Dead Sea Discoveries 6/1 (1999) 11-36.

Himmelfarb, Martha. "Torah, Testimony, and Heavenly Tablets: The Claim to Authority of the Book of Jubilees." In A Multiform Heritage: Studies on Early Judaism and Christianity in Honor of Robert A. Kraft, ed. Benjamin G. Wright III, 19-29. Scholars Press Homage Series. Atlanta: Scholars Press, 1999.

Hjelm, Ingrid. "Review: Thord Thordson and Maria Thordson, Qumran and the Samaritans." Dead Sea Discoveries 6/1 (1999) 94-97.

Horbury, William. "Der Tempel bei Vergil und im herodianischen Judentum." In Gemeinde ohne Tempel/Community without Temple: Zur Substituierung und Transformation des Jerusalemer Tempels und seines Kults im Alten Testament, antiken Judentum und frühen Christentum, ed. Beate Ego, Armin Lange and Peter Pilhofer, 149-168. WUNT 118. Tübingen: J. C. B. Mohr (Paul Siebeck), 1999.

Horbury, William. "The Proper Name in 4Q468g: Peitholaus?" Journal of Jewish Studies 50/2 (1999) 310-311.

Horbury, William, W. D. Davies, and John Sturdy, eds. The Cambridge History of Judaism. Volume Three: The Early Roman Period. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1999.

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Kampen, John I. "The Diverse Aspects of Wisdom in the Qumran Texts." In The Dead Sea Scrolls after Fifty Years: A Comprehensive Assessment, ed. Peter W. Flint and James C. VanderKam, 1:211-243. 2 vols. Leiden: Brill, 1998-1999.

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Kister, Menahem. "עיונים במגילת מקצת מעשי התורה ועולמו" הלכה, תאולוגיה, לשון ולוח [Studies in 4QMiqsat Maase HaTorah and Related Texts: Law, Theology, Language and Calendar]." Tarbiz 68/3 (1999) 317-371.

Klutz, Todd E. "The Grammar of Exorcism in the Ancient Mediterranean World." In The Jewish Roots of Christological Monotheism: Papers from the St. Andrews Conference on the Historical Origins of the Worship of Jesus, ed. Carey C. Newman, James R. Davila and Gladys S. Lewis, 156-165. JSJSup 63. Leiden: Brill, 1999.

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Lorein, Geert Wouter. "4Q448: Een gebed tegen Jonathan de Makkabeeër." Nederlands Theologisch Tijdschrift 53 (1999) 265-273 (English summary, 299).

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Mach, Michael. "Concepts of Jewish Monotheism during the Hellenistic Period." In The Jewish Roots of Christological Monotheism: Papers from the St. Andrews Conference on the Historical Origins of the Worship of Jesus, ed. Carey C. Newman, James R. Davila and Gladys S. Lewis, 21-42. JSJSup 63. Leiden: Brill, 1999.

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Nickelsburg, George W. E. "The Books of Enoch at Qumran: What We Know and What We Need to Think about." In Antikes Judentum und frühes Christentum: Festschrift für Hartmut Stegemann zum 65. Geburtstag, ed. Bernd Kollmann, Wolfgang Reinbold and Annette Steudel, 99-113. BZNW 97. Berlin and New York: de Gruyter, 1999.

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Nickelsburg, George W. E. "Review: George J. Brooke et al., eds., Qumran Cave 4.XVII: Parabiblical Texts, Part 3 (DJD 22)." Dead Sea Discoveries 6/2 (1999) 194-199.

Nickelsburg, George W. E. "Seeking the Origins of the Two-Ways Tradition in Jewish and Christian Ethical Texts." In A Multiform Heritage: Studies on Early Judaism and Christianity in Honor of Robert A. Kraft, ed. Benjamin G. Wright III. Scholars Press Homage Series 24. Atlanta: Scholars Press, 1999.

Nitzan, Bilhah. "280. 4QCurses," "291. 4QWork Containing Prayers A," "292. 4QWork Containing Prayers B," "293. 4QWork Containing Prayers C." In Qumran Cave 4.XX: Poetical and Liturgical Texts, Part 2, ed. Esther Chazon et al., 1-8, 9-14, 15-18, 19-22. DJD 29. Oxford: Clarendon, 1999.

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Pérez Fernández, Miguel. "4QMMT: Linguistic Analysis of Redactional Forms Related to Biblical and Rabbinic Language." In Sirach, Scrolls, and Sages: Proceedings of a Second International Symposium on the Hebrew of the Dead Sea Scrolls, Ben Sira, and the Mishnah, Held at Leiden University, 15-17 December 1997, ed. Takamitsu Muraoka and John F. Elwolde, 205-222. STDJ 33. Leiden: Brill, 1999.

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Pfann, Stephen. "Midrash Sefer Moshe." In Qumran Cave 4.XXV: Halakhic Texts, ed. et al. Joseph M. Baumgarten, 1-24. DJD 35. Oxford: Clarendon, 1999.

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Pfann, Stephen J., and Claire Pfann. "Concordance." In Qumran Cave 4.XX: Poetical and Liturgical Texts, Part 2, ed. Esther Chazon et al., 447-478. DJD 29. Oxford: Clarendon, 1999.

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Tigchelaar, Eibert J. C. "More Identifications of Scraps and Overlaps." Revue de Qumran 19/73 (1999) 61-68.

Tigchelaar, Eibert J. C. "Reconstructing 11Q17 Shirot (Olat ha-Shabbat." In The Provo International Conference on the Dead Sea Scrolls: Technological Innovations, New Texts, and Reformulated Issues, ed. Donald W. Parry and Eugene C. Ulrich, 171-185. STDJ 30. Leiden: Brill, 1999.

Tigchelaar, Eibert J. C. "Review: Michael E. Stone and Esther G. Chazon, eds., Biblical Perspectives: Early Use and Interpretation of the Bible in Light of the Dead Sea Scrolls. Proceedings of the First International Symposium of the Orion Center for the Study of the Dead Sea Scrolls and Associated Literature, 12-14 May 1996." Journal for the Study of Judaism 30/1 (1999) 111-114.

Tov, Emanuel. "Appendix III: A List of the Texts from the Judaean Desert." In The Dead Sea Scrolls after Fifty Years: A Comprehensive Assessment, ed. Peter W. Flint and James C. VanderKam, 2:669-717. Leiden: Brill, 1998-1999.

Tov, Emanuel. "Correction Procedures in the Texts from the Judean Desert." In The Provo International Conference on the Dead Sea Scrolls: Technological Innovations, New Texts, and Reformulated Issues, ed. Donald W. Parry and Eugene C. Ulrich, 232-263. STDJ 30. Leiden: Brill, 1999.

Tov, Emanuel. "Greek Texts from the Judean Desert." Qumran Chronicle 8/3 (1999) 161-168.

Tov, Emanuel. "Israeli Scholarship on the Texts from the Judean Desert." In The Dead Sea Scrolls at Fifty: Proceedings of the 1997 Society of Biblical Literature Qumran Section Meetings, ed. Robert A. Kugler and Eileen M. Schuller, 123-127. Early Judaism and Its Literature 15. Atlanta, Ga.: Society of Biblical Literature, 1999.

Tov, Emanuel. "Los manuscritos de Qumrán a la luz de la investigación reciente." In Paganos, judíos y cristianos en los textos de Qumrân, ed. Julio Trebolle Barrera, 19-53. Biblioteca de ciencias bíblicas y orientales 5. Madrid: Editorial Trotta, 1999.

Tov, Emanuel. "Opisthographs from the Judean Desert." In A Multiform Heritage: Studies on Early Judaism and Christianity in Honor of Robert A. Kraft, ed. Benjamin G. Wright III, 11-18. Scholars Press Homage Series 24. Atlanta: Scholars Press, 1999.

Tov, Emanuel. "Paratextual Elements in the Masoretic Manuscripts of the Bible Compared with the Qumran Evidence." In Antikes Judentum und frühes Christentum: Festschrift für Hartmut Stegemann zum 65. Geburtstag, ed. Bernd Kollmann, Wolfgang Reinbold and Annette Steudel, 73-83. BZNW 97. Berlin and New York: de Gruyter, 1999.

Tov, Emanuel. "The Publication of the Texts from the Judean Desert: Past, Present, and Future." In The Dead Sea Scrolls at Fifty: Proceedings of the 1997 Society of Biblical Literature Qumran Section Meetings, ed. Robert A. Kugler and Eileen M. Schuller, 21-27. Early Judaism and Its Literature 15. Atlanta, Ga.: Society of Biblical Literature, 1999.

Tov, Emanuel. "Review: Edward D. Herbert, Reconstructing Biblical Dead Sea Scrolls: A New Method Applied to the Reconstruction of 4QSama." Dead Sea Discoveries 6/2 (1999) 215-220.

Tov, Emanuel. "Review: Jonathan G. Campbell, The Use of Scripture in the Damascus Document 1-8, 19-20." Journal of the American Oriental Society 119/1 (1999) 156-157.

Tov, Emanuel. "Scribal Practices Reflected in the Texts from the Judaean Desert." In The Dead Sea Scrolls after Fifty Years: A Comprehensive Assessment, ed. Peter W. Flint and James C. VanderKam, 1:403-429. 2 vols. Leiden: Brill, 1998-1999.

Trebolle Barrera, Julio. "La Biblia hebrea y la Biblia griega: Un clásico entre Oriente y Occidente." In Paganos, judíos y cristianos en los textos de Qumrân, ed. Julio Trebolle Barrera, 335-355. Biblioteca de ciencias bíblicas y orientales 5. Madrid: Editorial Trotta, 1999.

Trebolle Barrera, Julio, ed. Paganos, judíos y cristianos en los textos de Qumrân. Biblioteca de ciencias bíblicas y orientales 5. Madrid: Editorial Trotta, 1999.

Trello Espada, Jesús. "Review: Felipe Sen, Los Manuscritos del Mar Muerto: La comunidad de Qumrán y sus escritos." Hoja Informativa de la Sociedad Española de Egiptología 23 (1999) 14-15.

Uchelen, Nikolaas (Nico) A. van. "Qumran and Mishnah: A Comparison of Prescriptive Text Types." In Sirach, Scrolls, and Sages: Proceedings of a Second International Symposium on the Hebrew of the Dead Sea Scrolls, Ben Sira, and the Mishnah, Held at Leiden University, 15-17 December 1997, ed. Takamitsu Muraoka and John F. Elwolde, 333-337. STDJ 33. Leiden: Brill, 1999.

Ulfgard, Håkan. "L'apocalypse entre judaisme et christianisme; précisions sur le monde spirituel et intellectuel de Jean de Patmos." Revue d'histoire et de philosophie religieuses 79/1 (1999) 31-50.

Ulrich, Eugene C. "Appendix I: Index of Passages in the Biblical Scrolls." In The Dead Sea Scrolls after Fifty Years: A Comprehensive Assessment, ed. Peter W. Flint and James C. VanderKam, 2:649-665. Leiden: Brill, 1998-1999.

Ulrich, Eugene C. "The Dead Sea Scrolls and the Biblical Text." In The Dead Sea Scrolls after Fifty Years: A Comprehensive Assessment, ed. Peter W. Flint and James C. VanderKam, 1:79-100. 2 vols. Leiden: Brill, 1998-1999.

Ulrich, Eugene C. The Dead Sea Scrolls and the Origins of the Bible: Studies in the Dead Sea Scrolls and Related Literature. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans and Leiden: Brill, 1999.

Ulrich, Eugene C. "La Biblia copiada e interpretada en Qumrán." In Paganos, judíos y cristianos en los textos de Qumrân, ed. Julio Trebolle Barrera, 133-153. Biblioteca de ciencias bíblicas y orientales 5. Madrid: Editorial Trotta, 1999.

Ulrich, Eugene C. "The Oldest Psalms Manuscript: 4QPsa (4Q83)." In The Provo International Conference on the Dead Sea Scrolls: Technological Innovations, New Texts, and Reformulated Issues, ed. Donald W. Parry and Eugene C. Ulrich, 72-92. STDJ 30. Leiden: Brill, 1999.

Ulrich, Eugene C. "The Scrolls and the Study of the Hebrew Bible." In The Dead Sea Scrolls at Fifty: Proceedings of the 1997 Society of Biblical Literature Qumran Section Meetings, ed. Robert A. Kugler and Eileen M. Schuller, 31-41. Early Judaism and Its Literature 15. Atlanta, Ga.: Society of Biblical Literature, 1999.

Ulrich, Eugene C. "The Septuagint Manuscripts from Qumran: A Reappraisal of Their Value." In The Dead Sea Scrolls and the Origins of the Bible, ed. Eugene C. Ulrich, 165-83. Grand Rapids, Mich.: Wm. B. Eerdmans and Leiden: Brill, 1999.

Ulrich, Eugene C., and Sarianna Metso. "A Preliminary Edition of 4QJoba." In Antikes Judentum und frühes Christentum: Festschrift für Hartmut Stegemann zum 65. Geburtstag, ed. Bernd Kollmann, Wolfgang Reinbold and Annette Steudel, 29-38. BZNW 97. Berlin and New York: de Gruyter, 1999.

VanderKam, James C. "The Angel Story in the Book of Jubilees." In Pseudepigraphic Perspectives: The Apocrypha and Pseudepigrapha in Light of the Dead Sea Scrolls. Proceedings of the [Second] International Symposium of the Orion Center for the Study of the Dead Sea Scrolls and Associated Literature, 12-14 January 1997, ed. Esther G. Chazon and Michael E. Stone, 151-170. STDJ 31. Leiden: Brill, 1999.

VanderKam, James C. "Identity and History of the Community." In The Dead Sea Scrolls after Fifty Years: A Comprehensive Assessment, ed. Peter W. Flint and James C. VanderKam, 2:487-533. Leiden: Brill, 1998-1999.

VanderKam, James C. "Isaac's Blessing of Levi and His Descendants in Jubilees 31." In The Provo International Conference on the Dead Sea Scrolls: Technological Innovations, New Texts, and Reformulated Issues, ed. Donald W. Parry and Eugene C. Ulrich, 497-519. STDJ 30. Leiden: Brill, 1999.

VanderKam, James C. "The Judean Desert and the Community of the Dead Sea Scrolls." In Antikes Judentum und frühes Christentum: Festschrift für Hartmut Stegemann zum 65. Geburtstag, ed. Bernd Kollmann, Wolfgang Reinbold and Annette Steudel, 159-171. BZNW 97. Berlin and New York: de Gruyter, 1999.

VanderKam, James C. "Review: Eugene C. Ulrich et al., eds., Qumran Cave 4.VII: Genesis to Numbers (DJD 12)." Review of Biblical Literature (1999) [http://www.bookreviews.org/pdf/2048_1068.pdf].

VanderKam, James C. "Review: Harold W. Attridge et al., eds., Qumran Cave 4.VIII: Parabiblical Texts, Part 1 (DJD 13)." Review of Biblical Literature (1999) [http://www.bookreviews.org/pdf/2051_1252.pdf].

VanderKam, James C. "Review: Michael O. Wise, Martin G. Abegg, and Edward M. Cook, The Dead Sea Scrolls: A New Translation." Dead Sea Discoveries 6/1 (1999) 103-108.

VanderKam, James C. "Studies on 'David's Compositions' (11QPsa 27:2-11)." Eretz-Israel 26 (1999) 212-220.

Vasholz, Robert I. "A Note on Ezra 10:34." Pres 25 (1999) 54.

Vázquez Allegue, Jaime. "4Q484 Prototestamento de Judá: TestJud 24, 1; 25, 1-2." Estudios Bíblicos 57/1-4 (1999) 735-751.

Vázquez Allegue, Jaime. "El Prólogo de la Regla de la Comunidad: Análisis textual y exegético-teológico de 1QS 1,1-15." Ph.D. diss., Universidad Pontificia de Salamanca, 1999.

Vázquez Allegue, Jaime. "La resurrección: Perspectiva de Pablo y de Qumrán." Biblia y Fe 25 (1999) 107-139.

Vegas Montaner, Luis. "Los textos de Qumrán y la literatura apócrifa judía." In Paganos, judíos y cristianos en los textos de Qumrân, ed. Julio Trebolle Barrera, 181-211. Biblioteca de ciencias bíblicas y orientales 5. Madrid: Editorial Trotta, 1999.

Vermes, Geza. "The Dead Sea Scrolls Fifty Years On." Jewish Year Book (1999) xlii-li.

Vogel, Manuel. "Tempel und Tempelkult in Pseudo-Philos Liber Antiquitatum Biblicarum." In Gemeinde ohne Tempel/Community without Temple: Zur Substituierung und Transformation des Jerusalemer Tempels und seines Kults im Alten Testament, antiken Judentum und frühen Christentum, ed. Beate Ego, Armin Lange and Peter Pilhofer, 251-263. WUNT 118. Tübingen: J. C. B. Mohr (Paul Siebeck), 1999.

Weinfeld, Moshe, and David Rolph Seely. "434-438. 4QBarkhi Nafshia-e: Introduction," "434. 4QBarkhi Nafshia," "435. 4QBarkhi Nafshib," "436. 4QBarkhi Nafshic," "437. 4QBarkhi Nafshid," "438. 4QBarkhi Nafshie," "439. 4QLament by a Leader." In Qumran Cave 4.XX: Poetical and Liturgical Texts, Part 2, ed. Esther Chazon et al., 255-265, 267-286, 287-293, 295-305, 307-325, 327-334, 335-341. DJD 29. Oxford: Clarendon, 1999.

Weitzman, Steven. "Why Did the Qumran Community Write in Hebrew?" Journal of the American Oriental Society 119/1 (1999) 35-45.

Werman, Cana. "Qumran and the Book of Noah." In Pseudepigraphic Perspectives: The Apocrypha and Pseudepigrapha in Light of the Dead Sea Scrolls. Proceedings of the [Second] International Symposium of the Orion Center for the Study of the Dead Sea Scrolls and Associated Literature, 12-14 January 1997, ed. Esther G. Chazon and Michael E. Stone, 171-181. STDJ 31. Leiden: Brill, 1999.

Werman, Cana. "'התורה והתעודה' הכתובה על הלוחות [The 'Torah' and the 'Teudah' on the Tablets]." Tarbiz 68/4 (1999) 473-492.

Wesselius, Jan Willem (Wim). "The Language of the Hebrew Bible Contrasted with the Language of the Ben Sira Manuscripts and of the Dead Sea Scrolls." In Sirach, Scrolls, and Sages: Proceedings of a Second International Symposium on the Hebrew of the Dead Sea Scrolls, Ben Sira, and the Mishnah, Held at Leiden University, 15-17 December 1997, ed. Takamitsu Muraoka and John F. Elwolde, 338-345. STDJ 33. Leiden: Brill, 1999.

Wilson, E. Jan. "The Yods and Waws of 4QTestimonia and the Use of Digital Imaging Techniques." Dead Sea Discoveries 6/3 (1999) 324-327.

Wise, Michael O. The First Messiah: Investigating the Savior before Jesus. San Francisco: HarperSanFrancisco, 1999.

Witczyk, Henryk. "La missione di Elia nella tradizione dell'AT, nella letteratura intertestamentaria e negli scritti di Qumran." Collectanea Theologica 69, special issue (1999) 25-36.

Wolters, Al. "The Copper Scroll." In The Dead Sea Scrolls after Fifty Years: A Comprehensive Assessment, ed. Peter W. Flint and James C. VanderKam, 1:302-323. 2 vols. Leiden: Brill, 1998-1999.

Wood, Marcus. "Pesher Habakkuk and the Targum of Jonathan ben Uzziel." Journal for the Study of the Pseudepigrapha 19 (1999) 129-146.

Woodward, Scott R., Blake C. Ballif, Lori C. Wood, Gila Kahila Bar-Gal, and Magen Broshi. "Putting the Pieces Together: DNA and the Dead Sea Scrolls." In The Provo International Conference on the Dead Sea Scrolls: Technological Innovations, New Texts, and Reformulated Issues, ed. Donald W. Parry and Eugene C. Ulrich, 30-31. STDJ 30. Leiden: Brill, 1999.

Woude, Adam S. van der. "Fifty Years of Qumran Research." In The Dead Sea Scrolls after Fifty Years: A Comprehensive Assessment, ed. Peter W. Flint and James C. VanderKam, 1:1-45. 2 vols. Leiden: Brill, 1998-1999.

Wright, Benjamin G. III. "Publications by Robert A. Kraft." In A Multiform Heritage: Studies on Early Judaism and Christianity in Honor of Robert A. Kraft, ed. Benjamin G. Wright III, xviii-xxiv. Scholars Press Homage Series 24. Atlanta: Scholars Press, 1999.

Wright, Benjamin G. III. "Qumran Pseudepigrapha in Early Christianity: Is 1 Clem. 50:4 a Citation of 4QPseudo-Ezekiel (4Q385)?" In Pseudepigraphic Perspectives: The Apocrypha and Pseudepigrapha in Light of the Dead Sea Scrolls. Proceedings of the [Second] International Symposium of the Orion Center for the Study of the Dead Sea Scrolls and Associated Literature, 12-14 January 1997, ed. Esther G. Chazon and Michael E. Stone, 183-193. STDJ 31. Leiden: Brill, 1999.

Wright, Benjamin G. III, ed. A Multiform Heritage: Studies on Early Judaism and Christianity in Honor of Robert A. Kraft. Scholars Press Homage Series 24. Atlanta: Scholars Press, 1999.

Xeravits, Géza G. "Précisions sur le texte original et le concept messianique de CD 7:13-8:1 et 19:5-14." Revue de Qumran 19/73/1 (1999) 47-59.

Yadin, Yigael, ed. The Ben Sira Scroll from Masada. Masada VI: Yigael Yadin Excavations 1963-1965 Final Reports. Jerusalem: Israel Exploration Society and The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, 1999.

Young, Ian. "'Am Construed as Singular and Plural in Hebrew Biblical Texts: Diachronic and Textual Perspectives." Zeitschrift für Althebraistik 12/1 (1999) 48-82.

Zangenberg, Jürgen. "The 'Final Farewell': A Necessary Paradigm Shift in the Interpretation of the Qumran Cemetery." Qumran Chronicle 8/3 (1999) 213-218.

Zangenberg, Jürgen. "Review: Roland de Vaux, Die Ausgrabungen von Qumran und Ein Feschscha. 1A, Die Grabungstagebücher; Ferdinand Rohrhirsch, Wissenschaftstheorie und Qumran." Revue Biblique 106/1 (1999) 114-125.

Zissu, Boaz. "Odd Tomb Out: Has Jerusalem's Essene Cemetery Been Found?" Biblical Archaeology Review 25/2 (1999) 50-55, 62.

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