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Re: orion-list Essenes at Qumran: A Reality Check


> In ANT Josephus claims that the Essene community numbered 4,000 people.
> 4,000 people will need a minimum of *128,000* liters of water per day
> just to survive. This figure does NOT include water for washing or for
> cooking or for livestock or for agriculture.

But didn't Josephus say that the Essenes lived in "every city"?  
The impression I get from his passages is not one of 4,000 people 
at a permanent retreat in the desert.  This is one of the main 
reasons I reject Qumran as an Essene site (but only one, and a 
fairly minor one).  So while I agree with your conclusion, I think 
your line of argument breaks down here.

Of course, Pliny is another matter, but as I recall, he doesn't 
actually mention a number, does he?

Dave Washburn
"No study of probabilities inside a given frame can ever
tell us how probable it is that the frame itself can be
violated."  C. S. Lewis
For private reply, e-mail to "Dave Washburn" <dwashbur@nyx.net>
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