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orion-list guilty corpses
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(This precedes Russell's latest post addressed
1) Herb correctly persists in asking what it means
to say that a corpse is asham. This is still the
original crux, I think, for Russell.
2) Prescriptions for tumat meit occur at:
B.11QT 50:10-14 (re: dead fetus, whose contagion
is like that of a grave)
C.1QM 14:2-3 (re:slain soldiers)
D.4Q394 3-7 i 16-20 (=MMT)
Note that A-C require ablutions (bathing
and laundering) on the 1st day, specifically
when the tumaa occurs _outside_ the Temple
city -- or its analogue (as Christopher
observes), the war camp.
3) Purification liturgies for tumat meit
- 4Q414 fr. 2 (Eshel,1997)
- 4Q512 xii fr.1-6 (Baumgarten,1992;1999)
3) Though we anticipate publication of
the cave IV halakhic texts (DJD 35),
J. Baumgarten has twice provided explanatory
remarks on 4Q512 xii fr.1-6 (as published
in DJD 7):
[L]ine 11...if the placement of Fr.4
may be relied upon, introduces a
polemical section whose tone is
indicated by such words as ashmatam
'their guilt'... Since the water
with the ashes was used for purification
from corpse defilement, it is
possible that the subject was the
repudiation of pagan practices relating
to the dead and their burial. These
were likewise denounced in 11QTemple
XLVIII 11-12 (1992: 208).
While the referent of asham is not explicit
in the fragment(s), of note is Baumgarten's
equation of a "polemical" tone.
J. Baumgarten (1992)"The Purification
Rituals in DJD 7" in Dimont et al.(eds.),
Dead Sea Scrolls:40 Years of Research.
Liturgies" in Flint&Van der Kam (eds.),
The DSS After 50 Years, v.2.
E.Eshel (1997)"4Q414 Fragment 2..." in
Bernstein et al.(eds.), Legal Texts and
Legal Issues...(STDJ 23):3-10.
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