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Re: orion-list Pliny Qumran analysis

   Did we call Qumran an Essene community because scrolls 
were found, or was it because an Essene community was 
expected to be in the area and hence the scrolls and Qumran
were identified with the Essenes?

Brad Harrison


>     Here's a short extract from H Travers Herford's article on the Essenes in 
> the 1941 edition of _The Universal Jewish Encyclopedia_. 
>     "They were a group of pious recluses , for the most part living in 
> settlements like the monasteries of later Christian times. They dwelt chiefly 
> in the neighborhood of the Dead Sea, and Philo says that they were in number 
> about 4000."
>     It sounds to me as if Herford would have called Qumran an Essene site 
> even if no scrolls were found.
>     Best,
> Virgil Brown


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