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Re: orion-list 1Chr 27 and 1QM on militia
Dierk van den Berg writes,
> We know from 1QM only a few things about the structure of the militia:
> 1) the light cavalry is divisible through six, but both the heavy cavalry
> (the somewhat hidden cataphracts) and the foot are multiples of seven.
> 2) the four gaps on the four sides of the camp require a number divisible
> through four, but that is only met by the light cavalry.
> 3) The scroll mentions the existence of several camps.
> It follows that the factor seven is a later redaction and the foot on each
> side of the camp amounts to 6000 instead of 7000 men plus officers...
I discuss the structure of the army of the Sons of Light extensively in
my article "The War Scroll and Roman Weaponry Reconsidered", DSD 3.2 (1996)
89-129. (This article is currently in the mail to you, as per our private
email correspondence.) In this article I show it corresponds very closely
with the Roman legions of the Polybian Era (i.e. second century BCE). On
page 107 I point out that the ratio of 6000 cavalry to 28000 infantry in the
War Scroll army is *exactly* that of the 900 cavalry to 4200 infantry in the
allied Italian legions of the second century, namely 3:14.
Note that the infantry of the Roman legions as described in Polybius is
4200, a multiple of 7, while the cavalry is not. Applying your logic to
these legions, we would infer that the 4200 troops of the Roman legion is
also a later redaction, which is obviously not the case.
These legions are arranged in 4 lines of 1200 skirmishers, 1200 hastati,
1200 principes, and 600 hastati, for 4200 altogether. The War Scroll has a
very similatr arrangements of 4 lines of 1000 each (under influence of the
Biblical model) for a total of 4000 altogether, in close structural and
numerical agreement with the legions of the second century. Other details of
structure, weaponry and tactics also closely correspond.
I hope this is helpful.
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