[Date Prev][Date Next][Thread Prev][Thread Next][Date Index][Thread Index]

orion Potlais/Peitlaus 4Q468

	On the reading reported by Broshi 1998 (JJS 49, 
	341-345) as PWTL'YS, which I proposed is the 
	name of the Jewish general "Peitholaus" named by 
	Josephus in the 50's BCE (reading PYTL'YS), 
	I may have identified another name on a different 
	fragment on the same plate: "Aristobulus".  The 
	reading is difficult and not certain, but here is the 
	case for it.

	The plate is PAM 43.400 and the fragment I am 
	looking at is the third down from the top, far right.
	I see . . .

	Line 1: /SDTW -vacat-               /his field.
	Line 2: /'NshY 'RS/ (TBLWS)     /the men of
			with Aleph certain, but R and S
	Line 3: /GDWL ./		   /great
	Line 4: /L . GLWT/		   /... exile (or captivity)/

	In line 2 the reading "men of--" is clear.  The first
	letter of what follows is a clear Aleph.  The 
	remains of two letters which follow are difficult
	and a crack has separated the ink at the tops
	of the letters from below.  However comparing
	to letters on other fragments on the same plate
	Resh and Samekh as the next two are plausible
	readings.  The rest of "Aristobulus" is restored.

	Notably, Peitholaus appears in Josephus as 
	having joined his army to the men of Aristobulus 
	in Aristobulus's revolt of the 50's BCE.  The revolt 
	was crushed and Josephus says Aristobulus was 
	sent in chains to Rome (Ant 14.93-97).

	If the name above isn't "Aristobulus", what other name 
	or word could it be that is palaeographically defensible
	in terms of the visible letter remains?  If it is Aristobulus, 
	then this reinforces the correctness of the identification 
	of "Peitholaus" in the other fragment on the same plate.  
	And the names of mid-1st BCE keep piling up, with no 
	hint of a name or reference as late as the Herodian 
	period, in any Qumran text.  

	Greg Doudna

Greg Doudna
Research Associate
University of Copenhagen Dead Sea Scrolls Initiative
Kobmagergade 44-46
1150 Copenhagen K       DENMARK
tel: (+45) 35 32 36 34     fax: (+45) 35 32 36 52      email: gd@teol.ku.dk