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RE: orion An Archeleus-era historical allusion?
Regarding the Broshi article with the Ptollas/Potlais name
identification, I think now this name identification is a mistake.
Yardeni's reading in 4Q468g is:
The claimed name identification in Josephus is "Ptollos". The
Hebrew reading in 4Q468g is supposed to be a transcription of
the Greek name Ptollos. But I do not see how a Greek name
beginning with "Pt-" would be transcribed in Hebrew as PWT-.
In DJD XXV, p. 206, the name Ptolemy is attested in 4Q578.
The Hebrew transcription is PTL-. Note no vowel between P and T.
A note on the same page gives several other attestations of the
name "Ptolemy" in Hebrew in inscriptions. In every case the Hebrew
is PT- (except for one case in which it was simply T-), without
intervening vowel. Unless an attestation of a Hebrew transcription
of a _Greek_ Pt- name can be shown with a vowel between P and T,
I do not see how it is plausible to identify the 4Q468g name with
the name Ptollas, Archeleus's friend.
It seems to me the name in fact is "Peitholaus", the name of
a Jewish general active in the 50's BCE (War 1.162, 172, 180), by
coincidence in the same chronological frame as the other names
known from 4QMishC. The second letter of the 4Q468g name, the
vowel, appears to me to read better as Yod rather than Yardeni's
Naturally I am interested in evaluations from others who do not have
an hypothesis at issue as I do. But this is how it looks to me.
On a separate matter, regarding James Strange and the ostracon,
as one who played a role I would like to offer this comment. It all
started with a post of mine on orion in which I misunderstood
Strange's published find information and characterized it wrongly.
Goranson contacted Strange who graciously provided clarification
and (as I recall) answered further questions in detail. I
appreciated Strange's answers to my questions as well as SG for obtaining it
for orion, and I fully accept Strange's account, which came across
to me as completely straightforward.