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orion questions

I would welcome responses or informed comment on any of the following which
may be of interest:
1) Has papyrological examination of 4QMMT  (4Q398) to determine the
placement of fragments been undertaken (beyond that mentioned in DJD X) or
planned? (Might 4Q470, frag. mentioning Zechariah be related to MMT C?)
2) Have Y. Magen and A. Drori published a report on their Qumran dig?
3) Which coins, i.e, from which loci, did Y. Meshorer (this summer, at the
Jerusalem conference) re-identify as two from Ascalon 70-72 CE?
4) Pro or con: Judah the Essene in Josephus (War 1.78-80; Ant 13.311) is
Judah in bQidd 66a and/or is the (or a) teacher of righteousness. (Related:
is 4QpNah relevant? Has the meaning of 4Q448 vis-a-vis Alexander Jannaeus
or Jonathan been settled?) (Russell Gmirkin and I have already written on
5) Pro or con: Menahem the Essene in Josephus (Ant 15.371-9) is Menahem in
M. Hagigah 2.2. (Israel Knohl, this summer at the Jerusalem conference,
apparently argued yes.)
6) Pro or con: Simon the Essene (War 2. 119-161) is Simeon in Luke 2:25f.
7) Was Eleazar, an exorcist (Ant 8.45f), an Essene?
8) Responses to the DSD 4  1997 review by L. Grabbe of N. Golb's book?
9) Is 4Q341 a writing exercise, as J. Naveh (IEJ  1986) described it? If
so, would that make it an autograph? Are some pesharim autographs? Are some
copies of S? Would it be unusual for business documents to be kept mostly
or entirely in a separate location from other texts?
10) Does Murabba'at ostracon 72 include N-shaped hets? Does 4QQohelet a
include a range of het types?
11) How accurate are the estimates of Essenes in Philo (4000 , Every good
man 75; myriads , Apology 8.11.1) and Josephus (4000, Ant 18.20) and of
Pharisees (6000, Ant 17.42)? Is it odd that the latter number is exactly
half again as much as the former? Which is more likely: that Philo made the
4000 estimate, or a source he used? Is it likely that Josephus used Philo
or Philo's source? Or is the accuracy of these estimates hard to, well,
Stephen Goranson       goranson@duke.edu