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Re: Sacrificing to standards

At 12:22 PM 3/11/97 +0000, you wrote:
>Dear All,
>I was always under the impression that the belief was that legionnaries
>sacrificed *before* their standards, not *to* their standards (the
>standard being in the middle of the encampment),

This, I think, is right.  Much the same as Israel in the wilderness
(according to Numbers) placed the banner of the tribe in the middle of the
various encampments.

> but that to any onlooker
>this might be perceived as worship to the standard itself.

Indeed it must have.

>Secondly, is there not a passage in Josephus' BJ where Romans brought
>standards into the Temple precinct? Was this not regarded as idolatry,
>culminating in a riot?

This rings a bell.  But, not knowing the citation's source I can't hazard a

>Marcus Wood
>Department of Theology
>University of Durham


Jim West
Adjunct Professor of Bible
Quartz Hill School of Theology