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Re: 4QLevi b ar
Here, I am commenting on my own message. I took out the photos
again last night.
As follows. In my view the word as it appears is
XSYH (note -- H at the end, not aleph as I think I wrote
Careful examination shows the top stroke of the HE and a bit
of the downstroke. It has no keraia and is unlikely to be
Does not XSD in Aramaic usually have a negative meaning?
Of course, a Hebraism XSYDH is possible.
For those of you unfamiliar with Qumran Aramaic, the
"emphatic" may be written in some texts as a HE not
an ALEPH. It is impossible to tell whether the form in
4QLevi b ar is emphatic singular or plural
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> On the reading:
> 1. The material reading of a badly preserved text is always
> 2. We used a series of computer enhanced pictures on screen
> and we were both certain of the reading.
> 3. I had occasion recently to check it again and remain
> Of course, Rob Kugler has also done a very detailed study of
> the Aramaic Levi material, and he is free to differ in opinion
> from us. I suppose if we both sit down together we might reach
> a consensus.
> Or we might not!
> May I observe that I did not propose an etymology for Essene. I
> simply pointed out that in assessing the possibility of its being
> from XSY, the occurrence of this form in Qumran Literary Aramaic
> makes it more plausible than its absence previously from Western
> Aramaic did. I myself do not have an opinion about the origin of
> Essene and so do not need to resolve the matter in Macc. which
> I must leave to those wiser than me.
> Michael Stone