[Date Prev][Date Next][Thread Prev][Thread Next][Date Index][Thread Index]

RE: Isaiahites?

From: 	owner-orion@pluto.mscc.huji.ac.il on behalf of Aayko
Sent: 	Friday, October 18, 1996 3:31 PM
To: 	orion@pluto.mscc.huji.ac.il
Subject: 	AW: Isaiahites?

Dear Orionites,
Sorry to barge in, perhaps I missed the beginning of the thread. But could 
someone tell a layman
about the current available proposals for the etymology of the name 

	In my humble opinion, although I find many of the alternatives intriguing, 
the most plausible etymology of the name Essene would be Philo's association 
with the Greek word 'Essaioi' or 'Osioi'  which means holy; pious; purity from 
defilement.  Although Philo focused more on the 'holy' aspect of this 
definition, I tend to think that the purity theme is an even stronger 
indicator considering the content of the scrolls. The word's Hebrew equivalent 
would be 'chaciyd' [het-sameh-yod-dalet] from which we derive 'hassidim'; a 
word that occurs frequently throughout the scrolls in some form of literary 
self-designation.  I do believe, however, that the name Essene was primarily 
ascribed to the sect by 'outsiders', as it seems clear to me that the 
community had other names as well by which it referred to itself. 


Vernon Chadwick
Charlotte, NC