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1QS 9 4

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From: Chazon Esther <Chazon@HUM.HUJI.AC.IL>
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Subject: "min" in 1QS 9,4
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Jacob Licht interprets "min" in 1QS 9 4 comparatively as "more advantageous
than" sacrifices.  His commentary to the Community Rule is still one of the
best around and is now being reprinted by Bialik Press, Jerusalem.
I have used Licht's commentary to prepare a small English anthology, "Prayers
from Qumran: Issues and Methods" (SBL 1993 Seminar Papers).
Esther Chazon
Associate Director, Orion Center
Hebrew University
REPLY FROM: Chazon Esther
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From: kaafug@alfa.avh.unit.no (Kaare Sigvald Fuglseth)
Subject: "min" in 1QS 9,4
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To the Orion DSS discussion list:

I am interested in commentaries on 1QS 9:3-5, particularly the discussion
concerning the min in mibbasar (line 4 b). Recent literature as
Charlesworth (1994) and Martinez (1994) think that the min is to be
translated "without" indicating rejection of the temple of Jerusalem. Is
this an accepted translation today? Why? Do you know if anyone has been
commenting on this passage lately?

min in mibbasar and mehelbe in 1 QS 9:4 is translated:
a) Source: "by means of", Wernberg-M=F8ller (1957:35)  or "gr=E2ce =E0" Carm=
and Guilbert (1961:60), "=E0 partir de", Milik cf. Carmignac  (1956:524).
b) Rejection: "without" by Mart=EDnez (1994:13), Knibb (1987:138), Vermes
(1987:74), Charlesworth (1994:39); Dupont-Sommer and Philonenko using
"sans" (1987:34).
c) Comparison: "paa en bedre maate end" =3D "in a better way than",
Nielsen/Otzen (1959:85), Lohse (1971:33), and Pouilly has "plus que"

Carmignac (1956:524)  points also to the following authors who understand
the min as comparison: van der Ploeg, Lambert, Brownlee, Schubert, Bardtke,
Molin, Dupont-Sommer, Verm=E8s and Burrows. Several of them must have change=
their views, e.g. Verm=E8s and Dupont-Sommer.

Literature cited:
- Carmignac, Jean (1956) "L'utilit=E9 ou l'inutilit=E9 des sacrifices sangla=
dans la "R=E8gle de la communaut=E9" de Qumr=E2n. (Avec un commentaire de J.=
Milik page 532)", Revue biblique 63: 524-532.
- Carmignac, J and P Guilbert (1961) Les textes de Qumran. Traduits et
annot=E9s. La r=E8gle de la communaut=E9. La r=E8gle de la guerre. Les hymne=
Letouzey et An=E9, Paris.
 -Charlesworth, James H., Ed.  (1994) Rule of the Community and Related
Documents. The Dead Sea Scrolls. Hebrew, Aramaic and Greek Texts with
English Translations. With F. M. Cross, J. Milgrom, E. Qimron, L. H.
Schiffman, L. T. Stuckenbruck, and R. E. Whitaker J. C. B. Mohr (Paul
Siebeck) and Westminister John Knox Press, T=FCbingen, Louisville.
- Dupont-Sommer, Andr=E9 and Marc Philonenko, Eds.  (1987) La Bible, =C9crit=
intertestamentaires. Gallimard, Paris.
- Knibb, Michael A. (1987) The Qumran Community. Cambridge Commentary on
Writings of the Jewish and Christian World 200 BC to AD 200. P. R. Ackroyd,
A. R. C. Leaney and J. W. Packer. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge et
- Lohse, Eduard (1971) Die Texte aus Qumran, Hebr=E4isch und Deutch. Mit
Masoretischer Punktuation. =DCbersetzung, Einf=FChrung und Anmerkungen.
Wissenshcaftliche Buchgesellschaft, Darmstadt.
- Mart=EDnez, Florentino Garc=EDa (1994) The Dead Sea Scrolls Translated. Th=
Qumran Texts in English. English editions (with corrections and additons).
E. J. Brill, Leiden, New York, Cologne.
- Nielsen, Eduard and Benedikt Otzen (1959) D=F8dehavsteksterne. Skrifter fr=
den j=F8diske menighet i Qumran i overs=E6ttelse og med noter. G.E.C. Gads
forlag, K=F8benhavn.
- Pouilly, J. (1976) La R=E8gle de la Communaut=E9 de Qumr=E2n, son =E9volut=
litt=E9raire. Gabalda, Paris.
- Vermes, G. (1987) The Dead Sea Scrolls in English. 3. Penguin Books, Londo=
- Wernberg-M=F8ller, P. (1957) The Manual of Discipline. Translated and
Annotated with an Introduction. Studies on the Texts of the Desert of
Judah. J. v. d. Ploeg. 1: E. J. Brill, Leiden.

Kaare Sigvald Fuglseth
Dep. of Religious Studies
University of Trondheim
N-7055 Dragvoll, Norway
Phone + 47 73  59 65 35
=46ax + 47 73 59 14 64